Pressure injuries (also known as pressure sores or bed sores) can develop on the skin and underlying tissue when there is constant pressure or friction. Pressure injuries can develop quickly, especially when your child is unwell. Regular position changes, checking your child’s skin, good hygiene and skin care, and a healthy diet can all help prevent pressure injuries from forming.
Where do they occur?
Pressure injuries can occur anywhere on a child’s body when they are spending long periods of time in bed or a wheelchair. They are especially likely to appear on the bony parts of the body such as heels, elbows, hips, buttocks, tailbone, nose, ears, and the back of the head. They can also develop anywhere a medical device is touching your child’s skin, such as a tube, cast, splint, drip, drain or monitoring attachment. Pressure injuries can present as changes in skin colour (red, blue or purple), like a bruise, or as damage to the skin (such as a blister or open wound). The images below are examples of what a pressure injury looks like when it first starts to form (stage 1), and when it progresses further (stage 2).