Zamia (Macrozamia)

Palm-like plants to 1m high with a crown of large leathery leaves.
The cones are the reproductive part of the plant.
The leaves are 50-80cm long and 30-40cm wide, with numerous leaflets that have no obvious midrib.

Toxicity category: 2, 4
Category 2 - Potentially toxicCategory 4 - cause respiratory problems
Warning: Seek urgent medical attention for all ingestions.

Common name: Zamia

Botanical name: Macrozamia species, most commonly M.miquelii, M.macleayi, M.lucida, M.communis

Other common names: Zamia palm, Wild pineapple

Family: Zamiaceae

General description: Palm-like plants to 1m high with a crown of large leathery leaves.

Flowers: The cones are the reproductive part of the plant.

Leaves: The leaves are 50-80cm long and 30-40cm wide, with numerous leaflets that have no obvious midrib.

Fruit/Berries: The fruiting cones are similar in appearance to an elongated pineapple, with large round to oblong seeds up to 4cm long and 2.5cm across, red, orange or yellow.

Other: The sap is clear.

Symptoms: If eaten, the raw fruit may cause headache and severe gastro-intestinal irritation including stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea. In a very few severe cases, liver damage, coma and death have been reported. The male cone has a fruity odour when releasing pollen and this has been recorded as causing respiratory distress.

Toxicity category: 2, 4
Category 2 - Potentially toxicCategory 4 - cause respiratory problems
Warning: Seek urgent medical attention for all ingestions.

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