Petty spurge (Euphorbia peplus)

A small annual herb up to 40cm high, comprising a main central stem with branching towards the base. A common weed around buildings, gardens and disturbed areas.
The flowers (cyathia) are small and insignificant; yellowish-green in colour, held in leafy bunches.
The thin, soft leaves are oval, rounded to obovate, pale green in colour, 4-25mm long and 4-17mm wide.

Toxicity category: 2, 3
Category 2 - Potentially toxicCategory 3 - Irritant

Warning: For all eye exposures rinse the eye with water for 15 minutes and then seek urgent medical attention. Seek medical attention if ingestion causes any symptoms.

Common name: Petty spurge

Botanical name: Euphorbia peplus.

Other common names: Radium plant

Family: Euphorbiaceae

General description: A small annual herb up to 40cm high, comprising a main central stem with branching towards the base. A common weed around buildings, gardens and disturbed areas.

Flowers: The flowers (cyathia) are small and insignificant; yellowish-green in colour, held in leafy bunches.

Leaves: The thin, soft leaves are oval, rounded to obovate, pale green in colour, 4-25mm long and 4-17mm wide.

Fruit/Berries: The fruit is a very small capsule that contains black to dark brown seeds with 3 to 4 pits on one side.

Other: Milky white sap.

Symptoms: Skin contact with sap can cause intense pain and blistering. Eye contact may cause intense pain and severe swelling. Ingestion may result in severe vomiting and diarrhoea.

Toxicity category: 2, 3
Category 2 - Potentially toxicCategory 3 - Irritant

Warning: For all eye exposures rinse the eye with water for 15 minutes and then seek urgent medical attention. Seek medical attention if ingestion causes any symptoms.

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