Chilli pepper (Capsicum frutescens)

This plant is a perennial herb or shrub to 2m tall, often cultivated for culinary use or as an ornamental.
The flowers are white with a purple tinge, and grouped in the forks of leaves. The flower stalks are 1-1.5cm long.
The leaves are alternate, elliptic with a smooth margin.

Toxicity category: 2, 3
Category 2 - Potentially toxicCategory 3 - Irritant
Warning: For all eye exposures rinse the eye with water for 15 minutes and then seek urgent medical assistance.

Common name: Chilli pepper

Botanical name: Capsicum frutescens

Other common names: Bird pepper

Family: Solanaceae

General description: This plant is a perennial herb or shrub to 2m tall, often cultivated for culinary use or as an ornamental.

Flowers: The flowers are white with a purple tinge, and grouped in the forks of leaves. The flower stalks are 1-1.5cm long.

Leaves: The leaves are alternate, elliptic with a smooth margin.

Fruit/Berries: The fruit are narrow, conical or elliptical, 1-1.5cm long and 0.5cm wide. They are red, orange or yellow at maturity, and contain numerous pale, flattened seeds.

Other: The clear sap is irritating to eyes and skin. Skin contact may result in a superficial patchy redness.

Symptoms: Chewing or ingestion of fruit may cause a burning sensation of the tongue and mouth, usually harmless.

Toxicity category: 2, 3
Category 2 - Potentially toxicCategory 3 - Irritant
Warning: For all eye exposures rinse the eye with water for 15 minutes and then seek urgent medical assistance.

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