Queensland Government
Children’s Health Queensland Hospital and Health Service

Dumbcane (Dieffenbachia)

Dumbcane (Dieffenbachia) An ornamental to 2.5m, commonly grown for its decorative mottled foliage as a shade house or indoor plant. The flowers consist of a greenish coloured bract or sheath called a spathe, surrounding a long central spike crowded with small florets. Toxicity category: 2, 3 Warning: Seek urgent [...]

Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum)

Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) Robust herb up to 3m tall, cultivated as a crop but sometimes found as a weedy escape. The tubular flowers are white to pink or red, five lobed and held in clusters near the top of the plant. Leaves are stalkless (sessile), simple and alternate, pale green, [...]

Arrow head plant (Syngonium)

Arrow head plant (Syngonium) Often seen as an indoor pot plant this species is also used as a garden specimen, where it can become an aggressive climber. The flowers are similar to those of other species in the aroid family, consisting of a green to yellow or white spathe or sheath surrounding a [...]

Sweet pea (Lathyrus odoratus)

Sweet pea (Lathyrus odoratus) An annual climbing plant with winged stems cultivated for its attractive fragrant flowers. Highly fragrant flowers are about 3cm across, clustered in groups of up to 4 at the ends of robust stems that exceed the leaves and can range in colour from red, pink, purple, [...]

Stinging nettles (Urtica urens)

Stinging nettles (Urtica urens) These soft herbs occur as weeds in damp areas and are sparsely covered with rigid, stinging hairs. The flowers are small and greenish in colour. The leaves are opposite to each other on the stem and have serrated margins. The two species are very similar but the leaves [...]

Taro (Colocasia)

Taro (Colocasia) Large ornamentals grown for their huge heart-shaped leaves. The roots, when cooked, are an important food source in the Pacific region. Except for the leaves, the plants are similar in appearance to cunjevoi (Alocasia brisbanensis and Alocasia macrorrhizos). The flowers are a yellow coloured spathe or sheath about 15-21cm long, [...]

Snow on the mountain (Euphorbia marginata)

Snow on the mountain (Euphorbia marginata) An annual herb to 60cm, often grown as a garden ornamental. Flowers are insignificant, grouped at the ends of branches, with a number of broad, petal-like, white or green bracts surrounding them. Opposite leaves are 2.5-7.5cm long and 1-2.5cm wide, green with a white margin [...]

Cunjevoi (Alocasia brisbanensis)

Cunjevoi (Alocasia brisbanensis) These two native species are very similar in appearance. They grow to 2.5m high with large fleshy leaves and thick fleshy rootstock and stems, which can be semi-prostrate. The perfumed flowers consist of a greenish cream coloured spathe, which is pointed at the tip and open along [...]


Primula An annual or short-lived perennial herb cultivated as a pot plant or garden ornamental. Flowers can range in colour from white to pink and purple, as well as shades of yellow and orange, usually with a yellow centre. The flowers are either in tiered whorls or clusters at the [...]

Iris tectorum

Iris tectorum Popular as garden ornamentals this group of distinctive perennial plants comes in a wide variety of colours and types. This includes those with rhizomes or bulbs, and flowers which may be bearded or not. There are many Iris cultivars and hybrids grown in gardens. The flower usually has three [...]

Last updated: 19 July 2017
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